The information below was taken from The EU Blueprint Pathway for Scotland’s Accession to
the European Union under Independence, by ANTHONY SALAMONE, PhD, European Merchants, Edinburgh.
An independent Scottish state should be built with EU membership in mind. This means that the Scottish government should sign up to the European Human Rights Convention and create political institutions that reflect the shared values and interests of the EU 27. It should also establish an EU Integration Unit to serve as the central coordinating command for all internal government preparations for EU membership.
Scotland should not apply to join the European Free Trade Association as a temporary measure. Instead, the EU and Scotland should clearly define its Strategic Priorities for EU Accession and negotiate an Association Agreement during the pre-accession period.
Scotland is a European nation. It has an advanced democracy with a developed free-market economy, underpinned by respect for the rule of law and human rights. Scotland will be in an extremely strong position to satisfy the political and economic dimensions of the Copenhagen Criteria, and in a strong position to satisfy the institutional dimension. Scotland’s accession would not pose a challenge to the EU’s integration capacity. After it is granted candidate country status, Scotland will follow the procedure of accession devised by the EU. The length of the accession process is not predefined, but wont be less than 4 years.
Scotland is uniquely qualified for an ambitious association agreement. Scotland should seek a
high degree of integration into the EU internal market, incorporating the four freedoms, for goods, services, capital and people. It should pursue the degree of relationship with the EU customs union which is assessed to be in the best interests of Scotland and the Union at the time.
- The Scottish Government should propose a model of partial participation in the Schengen agreement, under which the Common Travel Area, with England, Ireland and Wales, can be preserved.
- The Government should seek agreement on a Political Declaration on the Evolution of the Common Fisheries Policy, based on national priorities for reform determined in extensive consultation.
- The Government should seek transitional provisions on the monetary policy rules, the extent of which will depend on whether it has continued unilateral adoption of the pound sterling or it has established its own national currency.
- The Government should seek transitional provisions on economic policy, including necessary elements of the Stability and Growth Pact, based on its prevailing fiscal circumstances owing to the establishment of the Scottish state.
Once the draft treaty has been agreed, Scotland should hold an EU accession referendum, so that the people have the chance to give their approval to EU membership. Provided that the people endorse the treaty and EU membership, Scotland will ratify the treaty. The existing EU Member States will ratify the treaty after Scotland has held its EU referendum. Each Member State will ratify the treaty in accordance with its practice, though they will all hold some form of parliamentary vote.
As a full member of the EU, Scotland will elect up to 14 MEPs who will sit in the European Parliament and have full representation in the EU Commission.